Nasa nasa research confirms its a small world, after all. That the mass of the earth has remained constant, which has caused surface gravitational pulls to be decreased as time passes. Now which is it, is the earth expanding or contracting. Why the continental driftpangaea and tiny expanding earth. Earth is not expanding pacific northwest seismic network. It does form an odd shaped island on a big world that would cause the earth to spin uneven or significantly wobble.
The theory of earth expansion starts from the assumption that pangaea covered completely the surface of an earth with approximately 55 % 60 % of the. To avoid the problem of rifts in the ground, lets imagine all the matter in the earth, from the crust to the core, starts expanding uniformly. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is. The theory of an expanding earth and the acceptability of guiding.
Expanding earth theory software free download expanding. The prevailing geological model of the early 19th century was characterized by an almost static earth, maybe slowly cooling and shrinking, until the molten interior would. How long would it take for people to notice their weight gain if the mean radius of the world expanded by 1cm every second. Maxlow has produced the finest globe reconstructions on a smaller size earth and has. Dinosaurs and the expanding earth isbn 9780952260318 pdf. The ebook resolves the major riddle of the dinosaurs large size by presenting convincing evidence that the dinosaurs lived in a reduced gravity. The theory of the expanding earth has histori cally failed on a fundamental point when con fronted with the plate tectonics theory.
To avoid another drain the oceans scenario, well assume the ocean expands, too. Accordingly the hypothesis of an expanding earth was actively explored and found to solve many hitherto puzzling features of global tectonics. Expanding earth theory expanding earth knowledge co. Our topics include conspiracy theory, secret societies, ufos and more. A brief history of the expanding earth hypothesis by william carnell erickson is a free pdf explaining the history of the growing earth theory earth expansion theories up to around 1988 mentions and explains some expanded earth theories including s warren carey, h g owen, and lester c king there have obviously been more recent growing. While some of the proponents of the expanding earth adopted an empiricist attitude by disregarding the physical cause of the assumed expansion, others argued that the cause, either fully or in part, was of cosmological origin. V hs that is, the velocity of recession of a galaxy is linearly proportional to the distance of the galaxy from the observer through a constant h, called hubbles constant. We introduce hard to ignore new visual evidence with information, history, charts, and links to resources. The expanding earth hypothesis in that era is given due weight in the plate tectonics article. The bigbang theory is the dominant theory of the origin of the universe.
The complex geology of new guinea had convinced carey that complex. Subtle atomics supports the expanding earth theory and have developed new physics that provides a valid explanation for this theory. If the earth were, say, 20% smaller, it is claimed that south america and. Oceanic rises in relation to the expanding earth hypothesis. Expanding earth point of view however, the 18 mmyear excess equates with the 22 mmyear required for earth expansion, determined from measurements of areas of sea floor spreading. Conversely, geophysical global cooling was the hypothesis that various features could be explained by earth contracting. The theory also proposes that the atlantic ocean is. The expanding earth scientific american blog network. Conversely, geophysical global cooling was the hypothesis that various features could be explained by earth contr. The expanding earth theory growing earth theory with various geological and visual interpretations to consider, has some intriguing ideas geology suggests that all the ocean crust rock is 200 million years young or younger. The intellectual grandchild of alfred wegeners theory of continental. One prominent present day advocate of an expanding earth is comics artist neal adams, who calls his ideas growing earth theory. Expanding earth theory creationwiki, the encyclopedia of. James maxlow in australia, terra non firma earth, plate tectonics is a myth.
In fact, expansion or collapse deflation seemed an almost inevitable result of his original field equations. Since charles darwins time, scientists have speculated that the solid earth might be expanding or contracting. Prominent among the iconoclasts are the late australian geologist s. A suggested reconstruction of the land masses of the earth as a complete. On the expansion of the universe albert einstein 18791955 predicted a general expansion of the universe from his general theory of relativity. Dinosaurs were to large to exist with todays gravity. It is a competing theory to the theory of plate tectonics and thus e. This site promotes information about the earth, and explains the expanding earth theory. While some of the proponents of the expanding earth adopted an empiricist attitude by disregarding the physical cause of the.
May 27, 2011 one prominent present day advocate of an expanding earth is comics artist neal adams, who calls his ideas growing earth theory. The unlikelihood of an expanding earth by a hallam, department of geological sciences, university of birmingham is a free pdf from 1984 that investigates, from a standard science point of view, the growing earth theory and especially the books and theories of wandering continents and spreading seafloors on an expanding earth by lester king and the atlas of continental. The scientific bases for both fixed earth fe and expanding earth ee theories had their origins back in the 1850s, though earlier thoughts on movement of continents had been expressed as soon as the coastline of eastern south america had been mapped and its similarity in shape to the west coast of africa noticed. The prevailing geological model of the early 19th century was characterized by an almost static earth, maybe. Couldnt the expanding earth theory be confirmed or. Dinosaurs and the expanding earth isbn 9780952260318 pdf epub. Aug 16, 2011 a nasaled research team has confirmed what walt disney told us all along. Although it was suggested historically, since the recognition of plate tectonics in the 1970s. If the earth is expanding, the core would have to be fusion based.
What are the arguments against expanding earth theory. This explains the rapid replacement of contracting earth, expanding earth, and continental drift theories by plate tectonics once the symmetrical. Booden, a common stance in the literature is that it is perfectly legitimate to inquire into the pros and cons on the geology alone. Stefan cwojdzinski the tectonic structure of the continental lithosphere considered in the light of the expanding earth theory a proposal of a new interpretation of deep seismic data. The extra mass is coming from the sun in the form of water vapour that is attracted to the poles. That was the prevailing belief, until scientists developed the theory of plate tectonics, which explained the large. Expansion models for the last two hundred million years can be directly related to present configurations, and hence differ in method from precambrian models. The expanding earth theory offers the idea that continental movements and positioning are due not to actual movement, but because the volume of the earth is increasing. Media in category expanding earth the following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Warren carey, who wrote the 1976 book the expanding earth 448 pp. The math theory here is that the surface gravity of the earth wasis inversely proportional to the cube root of the dinosaur mass expressed as equivalent male african elephant volumes. One of the longest running and most controversial theories in geology is the expanding earth theory. Mentions and explains some expanded earth theories including s warren carey, h g owen, and lester c king.
A nasaled research team has confirmed what walt disney told us all along. Then v and s are related, to a first order, by a linear equation. The theory of an expanding earth and the acceptability of. The earth expansion theory and its transition from. Page 11 at the godlikeproductions conspiracy forum.
The earth expansion theory and its transition from scienti. For over two decades plate tectonics has enjoyed a dominant position in the earth sciences. The current understanding of gravity cant explain this cosmic acceleration. The expanding earth theory has similar benefits, with the upside that it doesnt require the land to start on one side of the globe or for subduction to occur. Expanding earth or growing earth is a hypothesis asserting that the position and relative movement of continents is at least partially due to the volume of the earth increasing. From the earliest school classes to the most advanced university geology lectures we are all taught that the size of the earth has been constant and unchanging for thousands of millions of years, so virtually everyone is astonished when first presented with. Is the earth expanding or is the pangea theory correct.
This theory states that the earth is continuously expanding, just like our universe. Scientists think that either a mysterious force called dark energy is to blameor a reworking of gravitational theory is in order. In passing, while trawling for a particular expanding earth paper biogeography and scientific revolutions by mccarthy, 2005, i turned up a number of biological articles including rafting event, pterosaur and tiostrea chilensis that have also been edited to promote the expanding earth theory. Why the continental driftpangaea and tiny expanding earth theories are wrong. The intellectual grandchild of alfred wegeners theory of continental drift, plate tectonics is the now familiar explanation of continental displacement as the product of lateral movement of rigid lithospheric plates in which continental blocks are embedded. The massive gravitational pull coats it with rock that was all around in space billions of years ago, and the coating reduces the gravity on the surface enough that life is. According to its proponents, an expanding earth model explains why the outlines of continents that were separated by continental drift do not quite match up most people cite erosion as the major cause of this. A brief history of the expanding earth hypothesis by william carnell erickson is a free pdf explaining the history of the growing earth theory earth expansion theories up to around 1988. Much of our recoded history has been tailored to keep us subservient and controlled while deterring us from questioning the origins of mankind and traditional science practices that are taught as fact in. So when the biggest dinosaurs reduced in size to be only 8 elephant volumes, then the cube root of 8 2, and inverting gives a value of 12 g now. The hypothesis posits that the earth is growing as a result of the expansion of the seafloor. Chapter 1 our picture of the universe a wellknown scientist some say it was bertrand russell once gave a public lecture on astronomy. Dinosaurs and the expanding earth presents a startling new theory to explain the gigantic size of these monsters from an ancient time. Marvin herndon has been advocating for what he calls wholeearth decompression dynamics, which he claims is a unified theory combining.
One major unknown about the expanding earth theory is the reason why the earth has expanded. Jun 11, 2019 the bigbang theory is the dominant theory of the origin of the universe. Model for expanding earth theory through growing process. Main evidence for the expanding earth theory static earth. Mainstream work on the expanding earth hypothesis that was in reputable journals seems to be mostly confined to the era before plate tectonics was established as the main viable theory. The expanding earth the only theory that makes sense page 2. Warren carey 19122002 became one of the most eminent supporters of the expanding earth. Expanding earth theory, free expanding earth theory software downloads, page 2. The earth radiates from its surface energy from the hot interior, which, thus, is cooling over time. Helloit is okay to take the pictures of the continents from a round globe and put them on a flat surface. Aug 18, 2015 neal adams proposed an expanding earth theory in which the continents on this planet have moved due to the increasing size of the earth. Influenced by the models of vogel, the australian geologist s. Neal adams proposed an expanding earth theory in which the continents on this planet have moved due to the increasing size of the earth. The most striking contrasts that are found on the continents in paleogeographic reconstructions of the end of the mesozoic era are the occurrence on the place of the disappeared humid subtropics of the largest gobi desert in eurasia with air temperatures falling below 50 from the freezing point and annual precipitation totals at the level of 100 mm.
But has the obvious downside in that it requires the earth to grow in size which on the face of it makes no sense. The implications of the ee theory are so profound and alter 50 years of science theory that it has met the fate of being ridiculed and ignored. Expandingearth theory says that subduction is a fabrication by the so called respective authorities. The most bizarre theories about earth that people still. From what i have seen the basis for the theory of plate tectonics also fits with that of the expanding earth theory, yet the scientific community just accepts the plate tectonics theory as fact. Assuming the average composition of rock were maintained. Conversely, geophysical global cooling was the hypothesis that various features could be explained by the earth contracting. The expanding earth the only theory that makes sense.
The debris adds a tiny amount of mass, but not nearly enough to support the growing earth theory. Expanding earth theory is the position that the earth is physically expanding in diameter, mass, or both. Earth expansion as a viable alternative explanation put simply, the process of earth expansion from the beginning of geological time to the. That is how you come up with the picture of pangaea and how the continental drift theory was born. There exist a lot of issues that are solved by the chthonian theory. While suggested historically, since the recognition of plate tectonics in the. There is another well thought out theory that better and more simply explains the facts and evidence found in geology as to how the earth developed. Pdf the earth expansion theory and its transition from scientific.
From the point of view of the expanding earth theory also the. There have been persistent eccentric theories that scientists have missed the boat, and earthquakes, geology, and the history of the earth can be better explained by an expanding earth. Most geologists reject it since there is no mechanism for it, although some geologists such as james maxlow accept it because the continent boundaries have a better than 99% fit together. Ionic expanding eartha mass and entropy theory for an expanding earth in an expanding universe.
You can see this with the northern and southern lights as the particles stream in. A brief history of the expanding earth hypothesis by william carnell erickson is a free pdf explaining the history of the growing earth theory earth expansion theories up to around 1988 mentions and explains some expanded earth theories including s warren carey, h g owen, and lester c king there have obviously been more recent growing earth theories and. During the first half of 20th century, the dominant global tectonics model based on earth contraction had increasing problems accommodating new. The scientific bases for both fixedearth fe and expandingearth ee theories had their origins back in the 1850s, though earlier thoughts on movement of continents had been expressed as soon as the coastline of eastern south america had been mapped and its similarity in shape to the west coast of africa noticed.
Globe stand was developed to easily understand, measure and plot earth features. The organization of the earth expansion evidence meeting would not have been possible. In 2011, a nasa study concluded that the earth is not expanding by any statistically significant. Our expanding universe american museum of natural history. Jul 27, 20 expanding earth theory says that subduction is a fabrication by the so called respective authorities. In essence, this theory states that the universe began from an initial point or singularity, which has expanded over billions of years to form the universe as we now know it.
Three of us presented the evidence for this at the weeklong expanding earth conference in erice. The best overall book to read about the expanding earth is. Maxlow has produced the finest globe reconstructions on a. The unlikelihood of an expanding earth by a hallam free pdf. Although speculative ideas of an expanding earth can be found before world war ii, it was only in the 1950s and 1960s that the theory attracted serious attention among a minority of earth scientists. Warren cray and klaus vogel discussing a model to illustrate the hypothesis of an expanding earth previous of 1988 from oldroyd 2007. Has anyone done any research on the expanding earth theory and whether plate tectonics is a sound theory. Mar 16, 2017 the probability of the expanding earth forming by chance is so low it seems impossible. Earth expansion has been confirmed by palaeogravity ancient gravity calculations based on the bone strength of ancient life. The expanding earth or growing earth hypothesis asserts that the position and relative movement of continents is at least partially due to the volume of earth increasing. In 1998, two independent teams of astrophysicists discovered a baf ing phenomenon. Ionic expanding eartha mass and entropy theory for an. He described how the earth orbits around the sun and how the sun, in turn, orbits around the center of a vast.644 300 1091 1181 131 557 1122 376 173 793 488 180 65 623 1532 978 309 1225 1448 211 868 1025 331 1046 1011 587 947 489 1136 1456 236 1297